Tuesday, April 30, 2013

...a venezuelanism not to forget...! believe me, needless to say, i wont be mentioning much more of venezuela...!






...a venezuelanism not to forget...! believe me, needless to say, i wont be mentioning much more of venezuela...!
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...to PORSCHE and Maria Sharapova...! 30thApril2013...!







PORSCHE
http://www.porsche.com/canada/en/
http://www.mariasharapova.com/
https://www.facebook.com/Sharapova


...to Porsche and mechanical excellence! soon electrical powered continuous drive with no need to recharge!

...MY BEST WISHES AND MEDITATIONS, AS I DO NOT PRAY TO "NOTHING" LISTENING...!

I DESIRE THAT THE WORLD BE ABLE TO ENJOY THIS BEAUTIFUL PLANET, MUCH LONGER IN ALL THESE "BUBBLE HEAVEN" LIVES OF SPORTS AND FAME! While others are believing in a heaven after life, as they will never have heaven here!

IN WHICH THE WORLD IS CRUMBLING DOWN AROUND THEM, WHILE THEY ARE MOSTLY SECLUDED AWAY FROM CRUDE REALITY...!

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Monday, April 29, 2013

...god loves you so much...! that you can die of hunger: there is no mana from heaven...!









Global Secular Humanist Movement
...god loves you so much...!  
that you can die of hunger: there is no manna from heaven...!

https://www.facebook.com/GSHMP
https://fbcdn-sphotos-c-a.akamaihd.net/hphotos-ak-ash4/386890_640151506010280_584388718_n.jpg





"""George Frederick Thomson Broadhead Only that they are a good social activity of generally good things! With imaginary Bible talk! Is there any other place like this?
Like · Reply · 7 minutes ago

George Frederick Thomson Broadhead Fantastic! So much love and so much "divine justice=hate" with Hell and the Lake of Fire! TOO MUCH CONTRAST! PLEASE FREE US ALL FROM SUCH FABLES OF FALSE LOVE AND FALSE HOPES!
Unlike · Reply · 1 · 16 minutes ago

    George Frederick Thomson Broadhead ALGUIEN LIBRENOS de un Dios de La Biblia que tiene tanto amor que puede hacer el INFIERNO!"""
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Sunday, April 28, 2013

THE ULTIMATE fear: State of Atomic Nuclear Alert, Awareness and Strategy! MANUAL 2







THE ULTIMATE fear: State of Atomic Nuclear Alert, Awareness and Strategy! MANUAL 2
Manual 2 [Manual 1: http://abiteinthechunk.blogspot.ca/2013/04/the-ultra-sum-zumsuma-of-all-fears.html]
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_strategy


___________________________________
WND EXCLUSIVE
U.S. on alert for nuclear blast overhead
'Space launch vehicle' could put kill electric grid, devastate nation
Published: 04/01/2013 at 8:27 PM

http://www.wnd.com/2013/04/u-s-on-alert-for-overhead-nuclear-blast/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_weapons_and_the_United_States#Status_as_of_2006
http://bos.sagepub.com/content/69/2/77.full
http://defconwarningsystem.com/
http://www.sipri.org/yearbook/2012/07
http://www.nuclearfiles.org/menu/key-issues/nuclear-weapons/history/cold-war/strategy/strategy-nuclear-intro.htm



[[["...
WASHINGTON – U.S. officials quietly are expressing concern that North Korea could use its “space launch vehicle” to explode a high-altitude nuclear device over the United States, creating an electromagnetic pulse that would destroy major portions of the U.S. electrical grid system as well as the nation’s critical infrastructures.

The concern is so great that U.S. officials who watch North Korea closely are continually monitoring the status of the North Korean “space launch vehicle,” whose status could suggest a pre-emptive nuclear strike against the United States.
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They are aware of the three-stage missile North Korea launched last December that also orbited a “package,” which experts say could be a test to orbit a nuclear weapon that then would be deorbited on command anywhere over the U.S. and exploded at a high altitude, creating an EMP effect.

This concern is in addition to North Korea’s latest threat to strike targets in Hawaii and the continental U.S., as well as possible attacks against U.S. bases in South Korea and Japan.

The 28-year-old North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un, has signed an order for North Korea’s strategic rocket forces to be on standby to fire at U.S. targets.

The signing was against a photo backdrop following an emergency meeting of his senior military leaders showing large maps that were labeled “U.S. mainland strike plan, specifically at Hawaii, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles and Austin, Texas.”

One WND reader who traced the targeting to Texas said that it really was aimed at the Dallas/Fort Worth area.

THIS is how an EMP event could bring the world’s remaining superpower to its knees. Read it in “A Nation Forsaken”.

The latest North Korean threats occurred after the U.S. sent two B-2 stealth bombers to strike targets with inert bombs during joint U.S.-South Korean military exercises, which Kim considered a major provocation.

“He finally signed the plan on technical preparations of strategic rockets, ordering them to be on standby to fire so that they may strike any time the U.S. mainland, its military bases in the operational theaters in the Pacific, including Hawaii and Guam, and those in South Korea,” according to a statement by the North Korean news agency, KCNA.

The statement added that the B-2 flights showed Washington’s “hostile” intent, and the “reckless” act had gone “beyond the phase of threat and blackmail.”

In response, U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel condemned North Korea’s actions which to date have included dissolving the 1953 armistice between North and South Korea, severing the military hotline with South Korea and putting its artillery forces on high alert and threatening, once again, nuclear strikes against the U.S.

In recent weeks, North Korea also had released three videos showing a nuclear strike on the U.S.

“We’ve made very clear that we have the capability and willingness to protect our interests and our allies in the region,” according to deputy White House press secretary Josh Earnest. He said that the U.S. military exercises with South Korea should offer “pretty clear evidence” that the U.S. can defend its interests and those of its allies in the region.

Sources say that sending the B-2s was in response to the recent North Korean threats to send a message – a message which Russia and China called a “provocative act.”

Russia and China have asked the U.S. to continue talking to North Korea and not to take military action against North Korea.

In response to North Korea’s initial bellicose rhetoric, Hagel ordered the deployment of additional Aegis anti-missile systems for the U.S. West Coast. They originally were destined for Europe. And a second anti-ballistic missile radar is to be installed in Japan.

However, the Aegis anti-missile systems won’t be operational until 2017, although there are some systems already deployed along the West Coast.

North Korea’s continuing threats of a pre-emptive nuclear strike against U.S. targets suggest to U.S. officials that its military is confident in the capability of its missiles and that its recent nuclear testing for miniaturization of a warhead to be placed on a missile similarly was successful.

These officials are looking at the prospect that upon launch of the missile and a potential nuclear payload, it would take a polar path, clearly out of range of U.S. Aegis anti-missile systems.

The fact that U.S.military officials are expressing quiet but increasing concern that North Korea could launch an EMP attack has raised alarms over the preservation of the U.S. national grid and such critical infrastructures as communications, energy, food and water delivery and space systems.

This concern recently has been reinforced by a little-publicized study by the U.S. Army War College that said a nuclear detonation at altitude above a U.S. city could wipe out the electrical grid for hundreds, possibly thousands of miles around.

The impact would be catastrophic.

“Preparing for months without a commercial source of clean water (city water pressure is often dependent on electric pumping to storage towers) and stoppage of sewage treatment facilities will require net methods of survival particularly in populated areas,” the military study said.

The May 2011 study, titled, “In the Dark: Military Planning for a Catastrophic Critical Infrastructure Event,” concluded that there is “very little” in the way of backup capability to the electric grid upon which the communications infrastructure is vitally dependent.

Analysts say that it is apparent that Kim has ignored any advice from its closest friend, China, to stop any further missile or nuclear testing suggesting, as one official described Kim, as a “loose cannon.”

Kim also has been defiant of any United Nations Security Council resolutions similarly condemning the recent missile and nuclear tests. China had joined in approving those resolutions.

“The time has come to settle accounts with the U.S.,” the KCNA agency declared.

“The Obama administration is either clueless or deceiving the American people with false assurances that North Korea’s recent threats to destroy the United States are merely ‘empty rhetoric’ because they allegedly ‘lack the capability,’” one former U.S. official told WND.

Some regional analysts, however, believe that Kim is seeking to leverage the U.S. for further concessions while attempting to win favor with his own military to show how tough he can be.

These analysts say that until now Kim has not had the support from the military that his father, Kim Jong-Il, had.

His war-like tone may be indicative of attempts to solidify military support within his country.

At the moment, experts are looking at efforts for preparations at known long-range missile launch sites.

Those signs may be appearing.

“North Korea’s launch sites to fire off mid- and long-range missiles have recently shown increased movement of vehicles and forces,” according to one South Korean official who described the activity at the sites as “brisk.”

“We are closely watching possibilities of missile launches,” the official said.

In this connection, officials have seen several vehicles moving to the Tongchang-ri missile site on the western coast, in what appeared to them to be preparations for testing its long-range missiles.

Some observers, however, believe the latest threats of a pre-emptive nuclear strike against the U.S. remain for now just domestic posturing and efforts to establish military credentials on Kim’s part to show that he is more forceful than his father.

In other efforts to determine warnings and indications of an attack, analysts are looking for major troop movements, although none has been detected to date.

Late last week, a North Korean Mig-21 fighter jet flew near South Korea’s front line airspace, known as the Tactical Action Line,but returned to base, according to a South Korean military official. In response, the South Koreans scrambled a KF-16 fighter.

The TAL is the point between 20 and 50 kilometers north of South Korean airspace that will prompt the South Korea to scramble its fighter jets.


..."]]]
______________________________________

[[["...
Status as of 2006

As of 2006, the United States was believed to maintain an arsenal of around 9,960 intact warheads, of which 5,735 were considered active or operational, and of these only a certain number were deployed at any given time. These broke down into 5,021 "strategic" warheads, 1,050 of which were deployed on land-based missile systems (all on Minuteman ICBMs), 1,955 on bombers (B-52, B-1B, and B-2), and 2,016 on submarines (Ohio class), according to a 2006 report by the Natural Resources Defense Council.[26] Of 500 "tactical" "nonstrategic" weapons, around 100 are Tomahawk cruise missiles and 400 are B61 bombs. A few hundred of the B61 bombs are located at seven bases in six European NATO countries (Belgium,[27] Germany,[27] Italy, the Netherlands,[27] Turkey[27] and the United Kingdom), the only such weapons in forward deployment.[28][29] The United States has considered withdrawing these nuclear weapons.[30] According to one source, the quantity of the B61 nuclear bombs is 200 in five of the six countries (excluding the United Kingdom), including 80 bombs deployed at the Incirlik Air Base in Turkey.[30]

Around 4,225 warheads have been removed from deployment but have remained stockpiled as a "responsible reserve force" on inactive status. Under the May 2002 Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions ("SORT"), the U.S. pledged to reduce its stockpile to 2,200 operationally deployed warheads by 2012, and in June 2004 the Department of Energy announced that "almost half" of these warheads would be retired or dismantled by then.[31]

A 2001 nuclear posture review published by the Bush administration called for a reduction in the amount of time needed to test a nuclear weapon, and for discussion on possible development in new nuclear weapons of a low-yield, "bunker-busting" design (the Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator). Work on such a design had been banned by Congress in 1994, but the banning law was repealed in 2003 at the request of the Department of Defense. The Air Force Research Laboratory researched the concept, but the United States Congress canceled funding for the project in October 2005 at the National Nuclear Security Administration's request. According to Fred T. Jane's Information Group, the program could still continue in 2006 under a new name.

In 2006, the Bush administration also proposed the Reliable Replacement Warhead program and initiated its design and development. The program, intended to produce a simple, reliable, long-lasting, and low-maintenance future nuclear force for the United States, encountered opposition due to the obligations of the United States under Article VI of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which the United States has signed, ratified, and is bound by, and which obligates the five nuclear weapons states who are bound by it (of which the United States is such a state) to work in good faith towards nuclear disarmament.

The Reliable Replacement Warhead was designed to replace the aging W76 warhead currently in a life-extension program. It was to incorporate a well-tested and verified primary SKUA9 and a new fusion secondary. The device would be built much much more robustly than its predecessors and should require longer periods between service and replacement. It will use insensitive high explosives, which are virtually impossible to detonate without the right mechanism. The new insensitive explosives can hit a concrete wall at Mach 4 and still not detonate. The device would also use a heavy radiation case for reliability. Since this weapon will supposedly never be tested via detonation, as has every weapon presently in the US arsenal, some fear that either the weapon will not be reliable, or will require testing to confirm its reliability, breaking the moratorium that has been observed by the recognized nuclear powers (the recognized nuclear powers include the US, Russia, the UK, the PRC, and France; they do not include the generally recognized but undeclared Israel, nor the declared but unrecognized India, Pakistan, and North Korea) and was disliked by several elements of the Bush Administration, who believed nuclear tests ought to be conducted routinely; indeed, the Reliable Replacement Warhead was seen as the first step in the implementation of the US nuclear weapons laboratories' plan, called "Complex 2030", to rebuild dismantled nuclear weapons infrastructure so as to ensure that nuclear weapon design continues to be a field of research in the US through the midpoint of the 21st century.

In 2005 the U.S. revised its declared nuclear political strategy, the Doctrine for Joint Nuclear Operations, to emphasize the possibility of the use of nuclear weapons preemptively against an adversary possessing weapons of mass destruction or overwhelming conventional forces. Whether the Single Integrated Operational Plan ("SIOP") has been revised accordingly is uncertain, but possible.
Current status
U.S. nuclear warhead stockpile, 1945-2002.
A graph showing the amount of nuclear weapons stockpiled by either country during the nuclear race.

The United States is one of the five recognized nuclear powers under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty ("NPT"). As of September 2009 it possessed 5,113 warheads operationally deployed, in active reserve, or held in inactive storage. This figure compares to a peak of 31,225 total warheads in 1967 and 22,217 in 1989, and does not include "several thousand" warheads that have been retired and scheduled for dismantlement.[2]

In 2009 and 2010, the administration of Barack Obama declared policies that would invalidate the Bush-era policy for use of nuclear weapons and its motions to develop new ones. First, in a prominent 2009 speech, U.S. president Barack Obama outlined a goal of "a world without nuclear weapons".[32] To that goal, U.S. President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed a new START treaty on April 8, 2010, to reduce the number of active nuclear weapons from 2,200 to 1,550.[33][34] That same week Obama also revised U.S. policy on the use of nuclear weapons in a Nuclear Posture Review required of all presidents, declaring for the first time that the U.S. would not use nuclear weapons against nonnuclear, NPT-compliant states. The policy also renounces development of any new nuclear weapons.[35]

The Obama Administration, in its release of the 2012 defense budget, included plans to modernize, as well as maintain, the nation's nuclear weapons arsenal.[36]
United States strategic nuclear weapons arsenal
Operational American strategic nuclear forces, 2009     Delivery Vehicles     Warheads
Minuteman III W78/Mk12A     250     350
Minuteman III W87/Mk21     200     200
ICBM (total)     450     550
UGM-133A Trident II D-5 W76-0/Mk4     288     718
UGM-133A Trident II D-5 W76-1/Mk4A     50
UGM-133A Trident II D-5 W88/Mk5     384
SLBM (total)     288     1,152
B-2     20     na
B-52H     93     na
B61-7     na     150
B61-11     na
B83     na
ALCM/W80-1     na     350
Bomber force (total)     113     500
Strategic forces (total)     851     2,200


..."]]]
_______________________________________

[[["...

Summary

At the start of 2012, eight states possessed approximately 4400 operational nuclear weapons. Nearly 2000 of these are kept in a state of high operational alert. If all nuclear warheads are counted—operational warheads, spares, those in both active and inactive storage, and intact warheads scheduled for dismantlement—the USA, Russia, the UK, France, China, India, Pakistan and Israel together possess a total of approximately 19 000 nuclear weapons.

The availability of reliable information about the nuclear weapon states’ arsenals varies considerably. France, the UK and the USA have recently disclosed important information about their nuclear capabilities. In contrast, transparency in Russia has decreased as a result of its decision not to publicly release detailed data about its strategic nuclear forces under the 2010 Russia–USA New START treaty, even though it shares the information with the USA. China remains highly non-transparent as part of its long-standing deterrence strategy, and little information is publicly available about its nuclear forces and weapon production complex.

Reliable information on the operational status of the nuclear arsenals and capabilities of the three states that have never been party to the 1968 Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)—India, Israel and Pakistan—is especially difficult to find. In the absence of official declarations, the publicly available information is often contradictory or incorrect.

World nuclear forces, 2012

Country
   
Deployed
warheads
   
Other
warheads
   
Total
Inventory
USA     2 150
    5 850
   

~8 500
Russia     1 800
    8 200
    10 000
UK     160
    65
    225
France     290
    10
    ~300
China     . .
    200
    ~240
India     . .
    80–100
    80–100
Pakistan     . .
    90–110
    90–110
Israel     . .
    ~80
    ~80
North Korea     . .
    . .
    ?
Total     ~4 400
    ~14 600
    ~19 000
All estimates are approximate and are as of January 2012.
The legally recognized nuclear weapon states

All five legally recognized nuclear weapon states, as defined by the NPT—China, France, Russia, the UK and the USA—appear determined to remain nuclear powers for the indefinite future.

Russia and the USA have major modernization programmes under way for nuclear delivery systems, warheads and production facilities. At the same time, they continue to reduce their nuclear forces through the implementation of New START, which entered into force in 2011, as well as through unilateral force cuts. Since Russia and the USA possess by far the two largest nuclear weapon arsenals, one result has been that the total number of nuclear weapons in the world continues to decline.

The nuclear arsenals of China, France and the UK are considerably smaller, but all are either developing new weapons or have plans to do so. China is the only one of these states that appears to be expanding the size of its nuclear forces, albeit slowly.

..."]]]

____________________________

Manual 2 - Ultimate Atomic Nuclear
State of Alert, Awareness & Strategy


Preface:
Due to the non-compliance to
rules of engagement of Rouge
States!

The ultimate fear of one or a few
atomic missiles delivered to explode
high over the USA, that could impair
a lot, most of all electronics. Such
explosions would create an electro-
magnetic pulse that would destroy
major portions of the U.S. electrical
grid system as well as the nation’s
critical infrastructures.

(1) The ultimate strategic response
makes the theory of "wait to
verify damages if any", of
MANUAL 1, to have to be over
rid and surpassed, by the theory
of immediate deterrence launches,
and immediate response attach(s)!

(2) We could not declare as a
correct response in MANUAL 1,
to completely obliterate and flatten,
the source and origin(s). Even if
the aftermath, might envelope
innocent Countries and major
excessive damages!

(3) The first ultimate strategy is
thus emphatically determined to be,
to: Establish World maximum
alert, immediate as fast as possible
response in deterrents and attach(s),
and the final decision to be made
in less than 1 hour, to completely
"flatten" all sources and origins!

(4) The second ultimate strategy
of alert & awareness, is to
ensure, that USA still could not
loose to any additional attach(s)
from another source! Establishing
this the number case scenario,
of usage and backup!

If USA under the first major
response, did not have enough
replacement missile weapons,
to ensure its supremacy before
all others! It could jeopardize it's
existence! Because of it being
a different continent!

(5) The third major ultimate strategy
could be, that the disarmament
of USA, be never considered a
viable option! As it opens the
door the a all set World attach
to the North American Continent!
With a complete destruction!

TO BE THE LEADING "GOOD"
FORCE OF THE WORLD DOES
NOT ENSURE TO BE ABLE
TO WIN OVER ALL THE OTHERS
OF THE WORLD!

IF USA CANNOT STRIKE
QUICKER IN MASS, AND
ACCURATELY MORE THAN ALL
OTHERS! AND HAVE ENOUGH
DEEP UNDERGROUND BACK-
UPS. THEY COULD BE THE
BIG LOOSER!

This theory is merely the theory
of all others that are not as
good as USA, wanting to or
awaiting to, do the ultimate
against something better, and far
away from them!

COULD USA RISK not being
the major benign deterrent force
of the World?



(6) The fourth Strategy is the
ultimate of ALWAYS FULL &
COMPLETE ALERT TO THE
MAXIMUM POWER OF ALL
OTHERS DESTRUCTION!

Only 100, 200, Nukes, is not
enough for a Complete defense
and survival of USA, and of
no one else! 

IF 30,000 OR 10,000 NUKES
were available in the USA for
defense! They should be available
again or in the equal capabilities!

IF YOU ARE THE BEST! YOU
MAKE SURE NOBODY ELSE
WILL BE LEFT, AS THE UL-
TIMATE DETERRENT, ALERT 

&  AWARENESS!

USA CANNOT GUARANTEE
THAT THEY ARE NOT BEING
OUT-GUNNED! And out-gunned,
be it, by whatever means!



 

____________________________





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Does anybody think Obama and Democrats
have all strategy in their "minds"...?

Or are they dis-arming the only real
World Atomic Nuclear Weapons
deterrent ??? 

OR THEIR Theory is true, that things are
getting "better" in their Capitalistic
economies, of the survival of the fittest!
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...sunday's toronto sun girl...!





Toronto Sun for this Sunday 28April2013!

http://www.torontosun.com/sunshine-girl/2013/04/28/samantha
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...new population clock...! 81million more since 7Billion...!






New Population Clock by Census.gov
Already a new country in this World of 81Million, like the UK or other! From the limit line of 7Billion...!

http://www.census.gov/popclock/



_________________________________


...utterly impressive, and nearly "beastly"...!

TOO MANY HUMANS...! And driven by Capitalists needs, to the big big dipper downfall depression...!

Capitalism "normally" is based upon bonanza and crisis...!

THE RICH IN THEIR "BUBBLE WORLD OF HEAVEN HERE" DO NOT PERCEIVE THE WORLD GOING TO SHAMBLES AROUND THEM...!
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...fonseca 1 & 2 for this Sunday [Day of the Sun][Domingo]...!


Venezuela: Shantee's - they have already forgotten us again...

Venezuela: the opportunities are abundant. Yeah, anybody here is a Minister!



http://caricaturasve.tumblr.com/post/48926528755/sobran-las-oportunidades-caricatura-de-fonseca

http://www.noticierodigital.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=962208

http://anagrammatt.tumblr.com/post/49073001593/caricaturasve-sobran-las-oportunidades
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Saturday, April 27, 2013

...anagrammatt 27 apri 2013 - my ancient curve alphabet...!



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..."5" real good ones, does not take away "1" or "more" real bad ones...! it must be "druggy" logic...!








TO MY "5" GOODS AND, "MORE THAN 1" REAL BAD HUMILIATIONS AND TORTURE, IN CANADA!

A spectacle of hypocrisy and farce’: North Korea, Iran attack Canada’s human rights record at UN forum
Adrian Humphreys | 13/04/26 | Last Updated: 13/04/26 11:53 PM ET
More from Adrian Humphreys | @AD_Humphreys
http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/06/21/having-trouble-meeting-people-un-says-canadas-laws-on-free-association-harsh/
http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/04/26/north-korea-iran-attack-canadas-human-rights-record-at-un-forum/
http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/04/26/harper-government-grants-un-rapporteurs-permission-to-probe-canadas-human-rights-record/

[[["...
Canada was the focus of critical attacks on its human rights record at a prominent United Nations forum by a cluster of countries with dubious human rights records, including North Korea, Iran and China.

The delegation from North Korea lamented: “We have serious concerns about continued violations of the right to peaceful assembly and freedom of expression, torture and other ill-treatment, racism and xenophobia.”
Three UN rapporteurs on their way to probe Canada’s human rights record

The Harper government has given three United Nations rapporteurs permission to come and probe Canada’s record on human rights, treatment of aboriginals and discrimination against women.

Canada approved three visits, starting as early as this summer, for the UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.

“Canada has a track record of being a human rights leader, at home and around the world. Canada will accept these visits. They will happen later this year,” Joseph Lavoie, a spokesman for John Baird, Minister of Foreign Affairs, told the National Post.

Continue reading …

Iran railed against “violations of human rights by Canadian government” including “child sexual exploitation and trafficking, the right to food, discriminatory law and regulation against indigenous people and minority groups including Muslim, Arab and African communities.”

China’s delegate complained of “widespread racial discrimination in Canada.”

Pakistan was dismayed by Canada’s “increased poverty and unemployment rate among immigrant communities”; Egypt by Canada’s “racial profiling in law-enforcement action”; and Cuba with the “racism and xenophobia” in Canada.

Russia expressed alarm over Canada’s “police actions of torture and cruelty against peaceful demonstrators.”

Canada faced the critiques Friday in Geneva during its command appearance before the Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review, which looks at all UN members’ human rights records every four years.

The irony of — and irritation with — the criticism was not lost on Canadian officials.

“While we look forward to talking about our human rights record, we also take the UN’s review with a grain of salt,” a government official told the National Post. “Some of the countries ‘reviewing’ Canada, like Iran, have abhorrent human rights records. This is a country that hangs guys and stones women.”

    Some of the countries ‘reviewing’ Canada, like Iran, have abhorrent human rights records. This is a country that hangs guys and stones women

The process turned the UN’s important work of monitoring international human rights “into a spectacle of hypocrisy and farce,” said the Geneva-based monitoring group UN Watch.

“The continued subversion of the UN human rights system — whereby thugs, murderers and rapists purport to judge the human rights record of a liberal democracy — undermines the founding principles and credibility of the United Nations,” said Hillel Neuer, a Canadian-born lawyer who directs UN Watch.

“The UN squandered a golden opportunity to contribute to the promotion and protection of human rights in Canada,” he said.

“It’s the foxes guarding the chickens, with the world’s worst tyrannies abusing a legitimate process … to deflect attention from their own sordid practices.”
Related

    Three UN rapporteurs on their way to probe Canada’s human rights record
    Canada slams UN official for saying Boston bombs caused by U.S. 'global domination project'
    Having trouble meeting people? UN says Canada’s laws on free association ‘harsh’
    UN envoy blasts Canada for ‘self-righteous’ attitude over hunger, poverty
    Canada and its ‘out and out Zionist’ prime minister have become the latest target of Iran’s Press TV
    North Korea brags about human rights record as UN launches probe into claims of torture, slavery

The UN council will now make recommendations, which Canada may accept or reject.

A total of 83 states participated in Canada’s review.

Estonia asked Canada to repeal a section of the Criminal Code that allows parents to spank their children. Montenegro wanted Canada to account for its efforts to reduce human trafficking.

Several countries, including Great Britain, asked about Canada’s treatment of aboriginal peoples, while the Netherlands was worried about charitable status regulations interfering with the ability of non-governmental organizations to carry out human rights activities.
Files
FilesGrand Chief David Harper tours the Pukatawagan First Nation in northern Manitoba.

Mexico was concerned with Canada’s “designated country of origin” system that lists nations, including Mexico, as places that do not typically produce refugees.

Despite the disconnect between the concerns expressed by some nations and their own records, Canada should not be too smug, activists said.

“Canada has not been listening to civil society, labour and indigenous voices in Canada,” said Meera Karunananthan, a Council of Canadians campaigner who was in Geneva this week, along with others, challenging Canada’s human rights record.

Grand Chief David Harper of the Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimaka, who also travelled to Geneva, said “1,880 First Nation homes in Canada do not have clean running water.”

Alex Neve, Secretary General of Amnesty International Canada, said there is concern among civil society groups about Canada’s ability to implement the UN recommendations.

Canada accepted fewer than half of the 68 recommendations from member states at the last review, partially rejecting 22 and completely rejecting 14.

“The bulk of [the recommendations] are important, relevant and appropriate,” Mr. Neve said.

National Post with files from Postmedia News

• Email: ahumphreys@nationalpost.com | Twitter:

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_____________________________________________






email:
pm@pm.gc.ca, info@parl.gc.ca, premier@gov.bc.ca, mcu@justice.gc.ca, InfoDesk@ohchr.org, civilsociety@ohchr.org, civilsociety@ohchr.org, info@agr.gc.ca, Info@hc-sc.gc.ca


...a mere info 2, and your torture track record of mental health illegal detentions!

5 goods does not take away  1 real bad

http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/06/21/having-trouble-meeting-people-un-says-canadas-laws-on-free-association-harsh/
http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/04/26/north-korea-iran-attack-canadas-human-rights-record-at-un-forum/
http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/04/26/harper-government-grants-un-rapporteurs-permission-to-probe-canadas-human-rights-record/

i will proceed to forwards more than a rim of paper [500pgs] to the UN...!
via PDF...!

i lack to request my files of the last 2 absurd cases since 2010...!

georgee/jorgito
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Friday, April 26, 2013

...anagrammat friday 26april2013...!



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...my youtube channel "Book of Pure Logic"...! Soon some shows with my Book for your viewing...!









This World is so childish...!: 

...kids thieving economy and housing, kids power control of others, kids wars,
kids vital energy usage, kids dirtying and damaging everything...!

Some live in their Castles of dreams! Others dream of having a celestial one! And Others are so poor they barley eat!

Children would not be so bad with others, if they governed the World...!

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Thursday, April 25, 2013

...25 April 2013, the "Full" Moon and Saturn, and the Inauguration of the George W. Bush Library...!



True Scale Sizes of Planets & Sun in the Solar System. The Sun which is the largest is not shown on the bigger scales shown separately from orbit!
Solar System proportional Distances to Saturn 1/2

Solar System proportional Distances to Saturn 2/2


25 April 2013 - [ AGAIN FOLKS: The Visible UNIVERSE has so many stars and you zoom in, it is baffling...! ]




Serie 1 of 2 - Visual sizes from Earth of Saturn and the Moon

Serie 2 of 2 - Visual sizes from Earth of Saturn and the Moon




SATURN and Earth's MOON in full fase for this 25th April!
INAUGUARATION OF THE George W. Bush Library

http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/display.cfm?IM_ID=10164
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/gallery/OSS.jpg
http://www.georgewbushlibrary.smu.edu/
http://www.georgewbushlibrary.smu.edu/News-and-Events/Events/2013/4/25/Dedication%20Ceremony.aspx
http://www.georgewbushlibrary.smu.edu/en/News-and-Events/News/NARA%20Announces%20Details%20Library%20Opening.aspx


[[["...
NARA Announces Details for Opening

DALLAS, TX --- The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) announced today the details for the public opening of the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum scheduled for May 1.

Starting on Monday, April 8, at 9 a.m., NARA will begin selling online individual tickets for general admission to the Library and Museum, said Alan Lowe, the Library and Museum’s Director.

"All of us at the Library and Museum are thrilled that after years of planning and shaping this idea, we have finally reached the time and place when we can give America its 13th Presidential Library," he said.

The pricing schedule for tickets is as follows:

    Adults $16
    Seniors $13
    Non-Southern Methodist University (SMU) college students $13
    Youth ages 13 to 17 - $14
    Children ages 5 to 12 - $10
    Retired military $10
    And all children under five, SMU faculty, staff, and students, and active duty military will be admitted for free.
    Group discounts are available. For more information on group rates call 214-346-1557 or e-mail bush43visitors@nara.gov.

There will also be a 20 percent discount for anyone that presents a same day Meadows Museum admission ticket. The Meadows Museum is located on the campus of SMU.

The tickets will be available at http://osp.osmsinc.com/georgewbushlibrary/. All visitors who present one of the discounted or free tickets must be able to provide proper ID before entering the Library and Museum.

The ticketing procedures for the Library and Museum will be a timed ticket system, much like the Perot Museum of Nature and Science, also located in Dallas.

"We highly encourage that all visitors coming to the Library and Museum reserve their tickets online prior to arrival," Lowe said. "While we will have 50 tickets per hour available to any customer that wants to walk up and tour the museum, those tickets are going to sell fast and we want to ensure that everyone gets to enjoy his or her experience."

By using the online ticketing website, visitors will have the ability to pick the date and time they would like to tour the Museum. In addition to the 50 walk-up tickets, 300 tickets per hour will be available to be purchased online.

Due to the low number of available parking spaces, it is recommended that visitors carpool or use mass-transit such as the DART - which has the Mockingbird Station located directly across U.S. Highway 75 from the Library and Museum and will have a shuttle running to and from the station to the facility.

On the north side of SMU Boulevard there is a limited amount of visitor parking in the guest lot across from the main entrance. Drivers can also park in any non-reserved parking spaces on the SMU campus and at the Mockingbird Station.

When visiting the facility it is important to remember that no outside food or drink is allowed and that weapons are not permitted on the Library and Museum property. All visitors will have to pass through metal detectors and all bags will be examined through an x-ray scanner before entering the facility. Large bags should not be brought into the facility.

"These precautions are for both the safety of every visitor and every employee within the Library and Museum," Lowe said.

To complement the visitors experience at the Library and Museum, the George W. Bush Center has a Gift Shop for visitors to purchase souvenirs and Café 43, which will allow everyone to have a pleasant dining experience while at the facility, he said.

Starting May 1, the Library and Museum will be open Monday through Saturday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Sundays from noon to 5 p.m. The facility will be closed on Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day and New Years Day.

"Thanks to President and Mrs. Bush and our partnership with the George W. Bush Foundation and Southern Methodist University, we have been able to create a world-class facility for generations to come," Lowe said.

Located on the campus of SMU - which is a nationally ranked private university in Dallas enrolling nearly 11,000 undergraduate and graduate students from throughout the world in seven degree-granting schools - the facility is the 13th Presidential Library administered by NARA, and houses the official records and artifacts of the Presidency of George W. Bush.

For media inquiries, please call 214-346-1670 or email john.orrell@nara.gov.
..."]]]

[[["...
Dedication of the George W. Bush Presidential Center
April 25, 2013,
 |  Get Directions
Courtesy George W. Bush Presidential Center.

The George W. Presidential Center is a state-of-the-art facility located on the campus of Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas. Opening to the public on May 1, 2013, the Center will house the George W. Bush Institute and the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum. The Library and Museum is the 13th Presidential Library administered by the National Archives and Records Administration, a Federal agency.

..."]]]

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...anagrammatt, to the cats...!


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Wednesday, April 24, 2013

Lynx Cat


Lynx

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A lynx (pron.: /ˈlɪŋks/;[2] plural lynx or lynxes[3]) is any of the four species within the Lynx genus of medium-sized wildcats. The name "lynx" originated in Middle English via Latin from the Greek word "λύγξ",[2] derived from the Indo-European root "*leuk-", meaning "light, brightness",[4] in reference to the luminescence of its reflective eyes.[4] There is considerable confusion about the best way to classify felids at present, and some authorities[who?] classify them as part of the genus Felis.
Neither the caracal, sometimes called the Persian lynx or African lynx, nor the jungle cat, called the swamp lynx, is a member of the Lynx genus.

Contents

Appearance

The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx)
The lynx has a short tail and characteristic tufts of black hair on the tips of its ears; large, padded paws for walking on snow; and long whiskers on its face. Under its neck, It has a ruff which has black bars, is not very visible, and resembles a bow tie.
Its body colour varies from medium brown to goldish to beige-white, and is occasionally marked with dark brown spots, especially on the limbs. All species of lynx have white fur on their chests, bellies and on the insides of their legs, fur which is an extension of the chest and belly fur. Also, the lynx's colouring, fur length and paw size vary by its climate range—in the Southwestern United States, its short-haired fur is dark and its paws are smaller and less padded. As the lynx ranges to colder northern climates, its fur gets progressively thicker (for warmth), the colour gets lighter (for camouflage) and its paws enlarge and become more padded (for snowy environments). Its paws may become larger than a human hand or foot.
The smallest species are the bobcat and the Canada lynx, while the largest is the Eurasian lynx, with considerable variations within species.
Physical characteristics of Lynx species
Species
Weight Length Height (standing at shoulders)
Eurasian lynx males 18 to 30 kilograms (40 to 66 lb) 81 to 129 centimetres (32 to 51 in) 70 centimetres (28 in)[5]
females 18 kilograms (40 lb)
Canada Lynx
8 to 11 kilograms (18 to 24 lb) 80 to 105 centimetres (31 to 41 in) 48 to 56 centimetres (19 to 22 in)[6]
Iberian lynx males 12.9 kilograms (28 lb) 85 to 110 centimetres (33 to 43 in) 60 to 70 centimetres (24 to 28 in)[7][8][9]
females 9.4 kilograms (21 lb)
Bobcat males 7.3 to 14 kilograms (16 to 31 lb)[10] 71 to 100 centimetres (28 to 39 in)[10] 51 to 61 centimetres (20 to 24 in)[11]
females 9.1 kilograms (20 lb)

Species

The four living species of the Lynx genus are believed to have evolved from the "Issoire lynx", which lived in Europe and Africa during the late Pliocene to early Pleistocene. The Pliocene felid Felis rexroadensis from North America has been proposed as an even earlier ancestor; however, this was larger than any living species, and is not currently classified as a true lynx.[12]

Eurasian lynx

The Eurasian lynx
The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is the biggest of the lynxes. It is native to European and Siberian forests. While its conservation status has been classified as "Least Concern", populations of Eurasian lynx have been reduced or extirpated from western Europe, where it is now being reintroduced.
The Eurasian Lynx is the third largest predator in Europe after the brown bear and the grey wolf. Out of the four lynx species, the Eurasian Lynx is the largest in size. It is a strict carnivore, consuming about one or two kilograms of meat every day. The Eurasian Lynx is one of the widest-ranging, and is found in forests of western Europe, Russia, and Central Asia.[13]
During the summer, the Eurasian lynx has a relatively short, reddish or brown coat which is replaced by a much thicker silver-grey to greyish-brown coat during winter. The lynx hunts by stalking and jumping its prey, helped by the rugged, forested country in which it resides. A favorite prey for the lynx in its woodland habitat is Roe Deer. It will feed however on whatever animal appears easiest, as it is an opportunistic predator much like its cousins.[12]

Canada lynx

Canada lynx
The Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) or Canadian lynx is a North American felid that ranges in forest and tundra regions[14] across Canada and into Alaska, as well as some parts of the northern United States. Historically, the Canadian Lynx ranged from Alaska across Canada and into many of the northern US states. In the eastern states, it resided in the transition zone in which boreal coniferous forests yielded to deciduous forests.[15] By 2010, after an 11-year effort, it had been successfully reintroduced into Colorado, where it had become extirpated in the 1970s.[16][17][18] In 2000, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service designated the Canada lynx a threatened species in the lower 48 states.[19]
The Canada lynx is a good climber and swimmer; it constructs rough shelters under fallen trees or rock ledges. It has a thick coat and broad paws, and is twice as effective as bobcats at supporting its weight on the snow. The Canada lynx's diet is almost exclusive to and dependent on snowshoe hares and their numbers. It will also hunt medium-sized mammals and birds if hare numbers fall.[14]

Iberian lynx

Iberian lynx
The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is a critically endangered species native to the Iberian Peninsula in Southern Europe. It is the most endangered cat species in the world.[20] According to the conservation group SOS Lynx, if this species died out, it would be the first feline extinction since the Smilodon 10,000 years ago.[21] The species used to be classified as a subspecies of the Eurasian lynx, but is now considered a separate species. Both species occurred together in central Europe in the Pleistocene epoch, being separated by habitat choice.[7] The Iberian lynx is believed to have evolved from Lynx issiodorensis.[22]

Bobcat

Bobcat
The bobcat (Lynx rufus) is a North American wildcat. With 12 recognized subspecies, the bobcat is common throughout southern Canada, the continental United States, and northern Mexico.[23] The bobcat is an adaptable predator that inhabits deciduous, coniferous, or mixed woodlands, but unlike other Lynx, does not depend exclusively on the deep forest, and ranges from swamps and desert lands to mountainous and agricultural areas, its spotted coat serving as camouflage.[24] The population of the bobcat depends primarily on the population of its prey.[25] Nonetheless, the bobcat is often killed by larger predators such as coyotes.[26]
The bobcat resembles other species of the Lynx genus, but is on average the smallest of the four. Its coat is variable, though generally tan to grayish brown, with black streaks on the body and dark bars on the forelegs and tail. The ears are black-tipped and pointed, with short, black tufts. There is generally an off-white color on the lips, chin, and underparts. Bobcats in the desert regions of the southwest have the lightest-colored coats, while those in the northern, forested regions have the darkest.[11]

Behavior

The lynx is usually solitary, although a small group of lynx may travel and hunt together occasionally. Mating takes place in the late winter and the female gives birth to from two to four kittens once a year. The gestation time of the lynx is about 70 days. The young stay with the mother for one more winter, a total of around nine months, before moving out to live on their own as young adults. The lynx creates its den in crevices or under ledges. It feeds on a wide range of animals from white-tailed deer, reindeer, roe deer, small red deer, and chamois, to smaller, more usual prey: snowshoe hares, fish, foxes, sheep, squirrels, mice, turkeys and other birds, and goats. It also eats ptarmigan, voles and grouse.

Distribution and habitat

The lynx inhabits high altitude forests with dense cover of shrubs, reeds, and tall grass. Although this cat hunts on the ground, it can climb trees and can swim swiftly, catching fish.

Europe and Asia

The Eurasian lynx ranges from central and northern Europe across Asia up to Northern Pakistan and India. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the Eurasian lynx was considered extinct in the wild in Slovenia and Croatia. A resettlement project, begun in 1973, has successfully reintroduced lynx to the Slovenian Alps and the Croatian regions of Gorski Kotar and Velebit, including Croatia's Plitvice Lakes National Park and Risnjak National Park. In both countries, the lynx is listed as an endangered species and protected by law.
Several lynx resettlement projects begun in the 1970s have been successful in various regions of Switzerland. Since the 1990s, there have been numerous efforts to resettle the Eurasian lynx in Germany, and since 2000, a small population can now be found in the Harz mountains near Bad Lauterberg.
The lynx is found in the Białowieża Forest in northeastern Poland, in Estonia and in the northern and western parts of China, particularly the Tibetan Plateau. In Romania, the numbers exceed 2,000, the largest population in Europe outside of Russia, although most experts consider the official population numbers to be overestimated.[27]
The lynx is more common in northern Europe, especially in Norway, Sweden, Estonia, Finland, and the northern parts of Russia. The Swedish population is estimated to be 1200–1500 individuals, spread all over the country, but more common in middle Sweden and in the mountain range. The lynx population in Finland was 1900–2100 individuals in 2008, and the numbers have been increasing every year since 1992. The lynx population in Finland is estimated currently to be larger than ever before.[28] Lynx in Britain were wiped out in the 17th century, but there have been calls to reintroduce them to curb the numbers of deer.[29]
The critically endangered Iberian lynx lives in southern Spain and formerly in eastern Portugal. There is an Iberian lynx reproduction center outside Silves in the Algarve in southern Portugal.

North America

The two Lynx species in North America, Canada lynx and bobcats, are both found in the temperate zone. While the bobcat is common throughout southern Canada, the continental United States and northern Mexico, the Canada lynx is present mainly in boreal forests of Canada and Alaska.[23]

Legal status

Lynx pardinus, the Iberian lynx, is critically endangered, and is the subject of intense conservation efforts.
The hunting of lynx is illegal in many countries. The Iberian lynx is almost extinct and killing it has been outlawed since the 1970s in Spain and Portugal.[30]

National animal

The lynx is considered a national animal in the Republic of Macedonia[31][32] and is displayed on the reverse of the R.Macedonia 5 denar coin.[33]

See also

References

  1. ^ Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 541–542. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ a b "Definition of lynx from Oxford Dictionary". Oxford Dictionary. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
  3. ^ "lynx — Definition from Longman English Dictionary Online". Longman Dictionary. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Lynx". Retrieved October 5, 2010.
  5. ^ Jackson, Peter (24 April 1997). "Eurasian lynx". lynx.uio.no. Retrieved 2007-05-28.
  6. ^ "Canada Lynx (Lynx canadensis)". Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. 2009-07-09. Retrieved 2011-05-29.
  7. ^ a b "Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus)" (Page navigation contains an imagemap). Cat Specialist Group Species Accounts. IUCN – The World Conservation Union. 1996. Retrieved 2011-05-29.
  8. ^ "Iberian lynx – Lynx pardinus". Species Data Sheets. United Nations Environment ProgrammeWorld Conservation Monitoring Centre. 2004. Archived from the original on 2010-05-03.
  9. ^ Johnson, Christopher (2011). "Lynx pardinus – Spanish lynx". Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Retrieved 2011-05-29.
  10. ^ a b Sparano, Vin T. (September 1998). Complete Outdoors Encyclopedia. St. Martin's Press. p. 228. ISBN 0-312-19190-1.
  11. ^ a b Cahalane, Victor H (2005-03-01). Meeting the Mammals. Kessinger Publishing. p. 64. ISBN 1-4179-9522-X.
  12. ^ a b Sunquist, Mel; Sunquist, Fiona (2002). Wild cats of the World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 153. ISBN 0-226-77999-8.
  13. ^ BBC Nature: Eurasian Lynx. BBC. 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-03.
  14. ^ a b "Canada lynx, American lynx". Science & Nature: Animals – Wildfacts. BBC. 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2011-05-29.
  15. ^ "Canada Lynx". Science & Nature: Animals - Wildfacts. National Wildlife Federation. Retrieved 2013-03-01.
  16. ^
    Banda, P. Solomon (September 18, 2010). "Lynx reintroduction ruled a success in Colorado". The Denver Post. Associated Press. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
    "Colorado: Lynx No Longer Missing". New York Times. Associated Press. 2010-09-17. p. A13. Retrieved 2011-05-29.
  17. ^ "DOW Declares Colorado Lynx Reintroduction Program a Success" (Press release). Colorado Division of Wildlife. September 17, 2010. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
  18. ^ "Success of the Lynx Reintroduction Program". Colorado Division of Wildlife. Sept. 7, 2010. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
  19. ^ "§ 17.40 Special rules—mammals" (PDF). 65 Federal Register 16051 16086. National Archives and Records Administration. 2000-03-24. p. 35. Retrieved 2011-05-30.
  20. ^ Ward, Dan (2008-12-12). "LynxBrief". IberiaNature. Retrieved 2011-05-30.
  21. ^ Gonçalves, Eduardo (2002-04-21). "Captured cubs hold future of Europe's tiger". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-11-14.
  22. ^ Kurtén, Björn (1968). Pleistocene Mammals of Europe.
  23. ^ a b Zielinski, William J.; Kucera, Thomas E. (1998). American Marten, Fisher, Lynx, and Wolverine: Survey Methods for Their Detection. USA: Diane Publishing. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-7881-3628-3.
  24. ^ Hamilton, William J.; Whitaker, John O. (1998). Mammals of the Eastern United States. Cornell University Press. pp. 493–496. ISBN 0-8014-3475-0.
  25. ^ "Deletion of Bobcat (Lynx rufus) from Appendix II" (PDF). Thirteenth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties, Proposal 5. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. October 2004. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
  26. ^ Fedriani, J. M., T. K. Fuller, R. M. Sauvajot and E. C. York. 2000. Competition and intraguild predation among three sympatric carnivores. Oecologia, 125:258–270.
  27. ^ "Status and conservation of the Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx) in Europe in 2001" (PDF [17.09 Mb]). Coordinated research projects for the conservation and management of carnivores in Switzerland (KORA). Retrieved 2009-03-07.
  28. ^ "Ilves" (in Finnish). Finland: Riista- ja kalatalouden tutkimuslaitos. 2010-10-14. Retrieved 2011-05-30.
  29. ^ Moore, Matthew (2009-02-13). "Lynx 'should be reintroduced to Britain to cull deer'". London: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-11-14.
  30. ^ Ward, Dan (2004). "The Iberian Lynx Emergency" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-05-13.
  31. ^ Testorides, Konstantin (2006-11-04). "Macedonia Wildcats Fight for Survival". Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved 2011-05-30.
  32. ^ Mironski, Jasmina (2009-02-25). "On the trail of the Balkan Lynx". Eathimerini. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 2011-05-30. "The lynx is one of the most endangered wild species and is considered as a national symbol of the country"
  33. ^ "National Bank of Macedonia – Coins in circulation". Nbrm.gov.mk. 2008-11-15. Retrieved 2010-11-14.

External links